The newest mobile network, 5G, is currently being implemented throughout the world, sparking a variety of fascinating conversations concerning the technology and potential applications. 5G stands for fifth generation, It is wireless mobile technology. After 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks , it is a new global wireless standard. 5G donate next major phase of mobile telecommunication standards. Together with other technologies like artificial intelligence (AI), the internet of things (IoT), 3D printing, and others, 5G technology will transform how people live and interact today in both industries and societies. Due to its capacity to offer broader network coverage, dependable network connections, and faster data transfer, it has promised a rise in wealth creation potential.
The previous generations of mobile networks are 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G.
First generation – 1G
1980s: 1G delivered analog voice.
Second generation – 2G
Early 1990s: 2G introduced digital voice (e.g. CDMA– Code Division Multiple Access).
Third generation – 3G
Early 2000s: 3G brought mobile data (e.g. CDMA2000).
Fourth generation – 4G LTE
2010s: 4G LTE ushered in the era of mobile broadband
The 5G magic triangle is composed by 3 key components:
Bandwidth: Extreme Mobile Broadband (xMBB).
Latency: Ultra-Reliable Low-Latency Communication (uRLLC).
Number of connections: Massive Machine-Type Communication (mMTC).
A Brief History of 5G Technology
The fifth generation of mobile technology, 5G was introduced in 2019 and again comes with a whole host of improvements and upgrades from earlier mobile technologies. Qualcomm played a major role in inventing the many foundational technologies that drive the industry forward and make up 5G, the next wireless standard.
Increased speed is perhaps the biggest change we see with 5G. As discussed earlier, 4G networks offer maximum download speeds of 300Mbps, but with 5G these reach up to 10Gbps – meaning you can stream media, download and upload data and play games on the go faster than ever before. Higher frequencies between 30 and 300GHz and larger bandwidths mean an even greater capacity for data, while connection is improved and buffering and lagging are reduced.
- High resolution and bi-directional large bandwidth shaping.
- Technology to gather all networks on one platform.
- More effective and efficient.
- Technology to facilitate subscriber supervision tools for the quick action.
- Most likely, will provide a huge broadcasting data (in Gigabit), which will support more than 60,000 connections.
- Easily manageable with the previous generations.
- Technological sound to support heterogeneous services (including private network).
- Possible to provide uniform, uninterrupted, and consistent connectivity across the world.
DISADVANTAGES OF 5G TECHNOLOGY
Though, 5G technology is researched and conceptualized to solve all radio signal problems and hardship of mobile world, but because of some security reason and lack of technological advancement in most of the geographic regions, it has following shortcomings
- Technology is still under process and research on its viability is going on.
- The speed, this technology is claiming seems difficult to achieve (in future, it might be) because of the incompetent technological support in most parts of the world.
- Many of the old devices would not be competent to 5G, hence, all of them need to be replaced with new one expensive deal.
- Developing infrastructure needs high cost.
- Security and privacy issue yet to be solved.